Glossary

  • 2
    • 2D // Two-dimensional

      Two-dimensional (abbreviated as 2D) means " set up or shown in two dimensions".

  • 3
    • 3D // Three-dimensional

      Three-dimensional (abbreviated as 3D) means "set up or shown in three dimensions." It is a spatial representation of bodies. The viewer gets a good impression of spatial relations.

    • 3D Animation

      3D animations are digitally generated contents, which are displayed by projectors and provide the basis for 3D video mapping shows

    • 3D Projection Mapping

      This projection technology creates three-dimensional effects on a surface and gives the viewer the impression of the projection surface and the projections shown would merge into a new entity.
      A 3D model of an object is created, which reflects the exact dimensions of the building and positions of windows, tabs, etc.. Taking into account all features and characteristics of the object, video content is created.
      This new technology makes it possible to project graphics, animations, photos not only on smooth surfaces but also on three-dimensional objects. A building becomes a screen. Or cars, wind turbines, furniture, bridges, etc. In combination with sound design, a 3D video projection mapping allows the fabulous world of optical illusions to occur, also known as “augmented reality”. 

    • 3D Visualization

      3D visualization is the process of computer-based creation of video content, which is used to simulate a lighting project. This leads to a realistic impression of the final result.

  • 4
    • 4D Projection Mapping

      A 4D projection mapping describes a 3D projection mapping show, which is complemented by real existing elements such as fireworks, confetti, fire or the like.

  • A
    • Animation

      An animation is the sum of artificially generated individual images that when show as a sequence form a film

    • Atmosphere

      An atmosphere is, inter alia, a mood, a feeling, which is conveyed from the external environment and is not reproducible. Atmosphere denotes an actual state.

    • Audiovisual Show

      An audiovisual show describes a performance, which is audible and visible. For a visual representation (e.g. video projection) a custom-made sound design is developed.

  • B
  • C
    • Content
    • Color Temperature

      The color temperature defines a measure that determines the color impression of a light source and is specified quantitatively in Kelvin (K). 2,900K correspond to "warm white". 4000 K correspond to "intermediate / neutral white" and 6000 K correspond to "cool white", which has a partially visible blue proportion.

    • Cartography // Mapping

      Cartography or mapping is defined by the mediation and visualization of spatial information for different media with digital and analog technologies.

    • Custom Solution

      A custom solution is responding to specific requirements of the customer: A customized solution is found and implemented.

    • Control Technology

      Control technology describes technologies for controlling various technical elements.

  • D
    • Design Surface

      The design surface is the area which is covered by the projection.

    • Dome Projection

      A dome projection is a 360 ° projection on half- or full-dome in optimum projection quality without image distortion. Locations include spa landscapes, planetariums, theme parks.

  • E
    • Edge Blending

      If one projector is not efficient to cover the screen size, edge-blending technology is used. This technology allows to project one image onto the surface using a plurality of projectors projecting without an overlap effect. There are projectors which are equipped with edge blending function, alternatively there is special software that allows this effect

    • Eye-catcher

      The term eye-catcher denotes a visual attraction or head turner. With an Eye-catcher attention can be directed to an object.

  • F
    • Facade Lighting

      The Illumination of building fronts is called facade lighting. 
      Modern LED technology emphasizes the existing surface structure a building and is energy efficient and durable. With the use of projection technology, a facade can be highlighted in detail, repealed or even created new.

    • Facade Projection

      The use of projection technology for illuminating building facades indoor or outdoor. Often effectively used at events. Projection can also be adapted individually to a building, this is referred to as a projection mapping.

    • Fog Screen

      A Fog Screen is a technical device that arises a screen of fog. Atomized water escapes in the form of mist from the Fog Screen. The water particles are so microscopic that the Fog Screen can be passed without leaving a feeling of wetness. With the help of a projector the screen will show pictures or video content.

    • Futuristic

      Attribute that refers to futurism: Futurism denotes something groundbreaking in the future.

    • Fog Projection

      A fog projection is a projection on a screen made of fog indoors or outdoors. Due to the nature of fog (three-dimensional thickness) the projection appears to have a 3D effect.

  • G
    • Globe Projection

      A globe projection describes a projection onto a spherical object for outstanding interior design, for unusual displays or impressive events. The projected image is displayed without image distortion as a three-dimensional visual highlight

  • H
    • Highlight

      A highlight marks the climax of a development and refers mostly to a show at an event.

  • I
    • Imagery

      An interplay of shapes and colors = images, which create a new unity of oneness. Theme and space become custom-made imagery and convey a new perspective.

    • Image Quality

      The image quality describes the quality or resolution of an image. The quality, that can be achieved theoretically, is described in pixels. The actual image quality depends on several factors, such as optics, noise performance and refresh rate (regarding moving pictures). The resolution in the technical sense refers to playback and depends on the visual output device.
      A projection processes image signals. Here, the image quality is also dependent on luminosity of the projector, throw ratio, positioning and keystone distortion and surrounding light.
      For analog projections (e g lightmotiv) a division of the image into pixels is not given. The resolution is theoretically infinite. Also a refresh rate does not come to fruition.

    • Illumination

      The selected use of light for artistic and decorative purposes is called illumination. While the concept of lighting implies the design with light for purely practical reasons, the term Illumination describes the aesthetic use of light.

    • Innovative

      Attribute that refers to innovation: A reform or renewal is called innovation and it describes an implementation made for the first time.

    • Interactive Projection

      A floor, a wall, or even a table becomes an experimental area by an interactive projection. The viewer as an active moving part of the installation interacts with the projection. The projection contents can be individualized.

    • Interplay of Light

      A symbiosis of different light sources and colors is called interplay of light.

  • K
    • Kelvin

      The color temperature or color of light sources is indicated in Kelvin (K). It is a measure for the wavelength of the light, and it features the character of light sources.

  • L
    • Large-screen Projection

      A large-screen projection describes a projection in an exceptional size: image sizes of up to 100 meters width are possible, with lightmotiv technology even as a motion picture. By using ultra-bright projectors even projections on a less bright screen can be realized

    • Laser Measurement

      Laser Technology is used to detect individual elements of surfaces (e.g. facades) exactly. The laser allows for precise, ambitious, detailed measurement of an object and its structures, which is the basis for a site-specific projection.

    • LED Facade Lighting

      Architectural lighting with LED enhances the visual impact of a building, as a discreet light line or as large-scale illumination. This way effective accents can be produced, which are accurately definable and controllable in light color and dynamics. The long service life of LED technology saves energy and maintenance and therefore allows installation in inaccessible places. Positioning in the structure or close to the facade also significantly reduces unwanted light emissions.

    • LED Object Illumination

      An object illumination with flexible and compact LED modules is characterized by a high-precise lighting. Very small installation dimensions allow LED solutions with intelligent lighting control to impressively show all types of objects to best advantage. The areas of application are diverse: Arts and Culture, Hotel and Shops as well as emergency lighting.

    • LED Wellness Illumination

      LED Wellness illuminations in spa areas convince with its qualities to influence mood and emotions. LED light creates a pleasant atmosphere. The flexibility of LED systems regarding the control of color, intensity and dynamic performance offer a wide range of design options: shades of green to relax, turquoise blue in the pool area evoking cleanliness and freshness, subtle light levels at rest areas, bright "cleaning light", gentle dynamics for vitalization.

    • LED

      LED stands for "Light Emitting Diode" and it describes a semiconductor diode that lights up when power is supplied. LEDs have low power consumption and high efficiency.
       
      The application of LED technology is manifold due to its energy efficiency and durability: indoors and outdoors as well as for temporary installations. The range of use and design possibilities are varied by the large range of colors as well as by small mounting dimensions of the LED modules.

    • Lighting Design

      Lighting design is a range of lighting planning and lighting concept and can complement the technical and the aesthetic aspect. Lighting design often combines various lighting elements, thus creating a customized room atmosphere.

    • Lighting Installations

      The term lighting installation describes the temporary or permanent installation of various elements of lighting technology such as projection technology and LED technology.

    • Light Art

      Light art designates an autonomous art form. Contemporary light artists are working mainly with artificial light as the light source. Light art is ex definitione light art if the use of light follows aesthetic purposes. Most of the works of light art will need the substantial absence of natural (day) light and of competing artificial light sources to develop their full effectiveness.

    • Lighting Solution

      A lighting solution describes a lighting concept for event management or permanent installations. For optimal results it is important to identify light requirements and implement these with lighting technology and lighting management.

    • Lighting Planning

      Lighting Planning describes the purposeful design with lighting technology. Planning a light situation is affected by the qualities of a room (surfaces, materials) and incident daylight.

    • Light Show

      A light show describes a staging / presentation with technical elements such as projection, LED technology or laser technology. A light show evaluates an event visually or may draw the attention of visitors.

    • Lighting Conditions

      The term lighting conditions roughly describes the existing on-site brightness. Daylight conditions mean a great brightness like outdoors at daytime (over 1000 LUX). Mixed lighting conditions usually show ratios like in artificially lit interiors (200-500 LUX). Dark lighting conditions describe lighting levels as at night or in dark rooms (under 200 LUX).

    • lightmotiv

      The lightmotiv projector enlarges the liquid content of a shone through petri dish with projection sizes up to 100 meters in diameter. A lightmotiv artist influences the content of the projection mixture by adding effect substances and rotation. The multicoloured images are formed in a constant flow by processes of structural formation which are stimulated by the different substances.
       
      lightmotiv.content: Visual content created with the lightmotiv projector then filmed and are digitally reproduced

      lightmotiv.event: Illuminations with patented lightmotiv projectors at events – for interior and exterior applications

      lightmotiv.static: lightmotiv projections captured and processed into a decorative feature as LED frame (illuminated picture), canvas print (printed on canvas) and wallpaper.

    • Lumen

      Lumen (lm) is the unit of luminous flux, and is a measure of the entire visible radiation emitted by a light source in all directions.

    • Lux

      Lux (lx) is the unit of illuminance and the corresponding specific emission. One lux corresponds to the luminous flux of one lumen per square meter. Lux is a receiving size and serves as a measure of brightness.

    • lens

      A lens is an optical system, which usually consists of glass lenses. With a lens, an object (in the case of projections, the object is a projection template) is visually displayed. The lens is always located between the projection template and the image.

  • M
    • Magical

      Attribute that refers to magic: Something tangible, surreal, mysterious or inexplicable is called magic.

    • Media Server

      A media server is a computer that is optimized for playback of video content in high resolution. Its main parameters are: powerful graphic card and corresponding digital connections for video output.

    • Motion Graphics

      Motion Graphics refers to the computer-based creation of video content as a synthesis of different media elements ("mixed media art"), such as two-dimensional and three-dimensional animation, video, film, typography, illustration, photography and music.
      This content can be used to simulate a lighting project as video to give a glimpse of how the project would look after completion. This process is called 3D visualization.
      Also digitally generated content as 3D animations can be shown by projectors which is the basis for 3D video mapping shows.

    • Multimedia

      Attribute that refers to multimedia: Multimedia denotes contents and works, which consist of several most digital media. Elements such as animation, audio, video, graphics, photography and text merge into one.

    • Mystical

      Attribute that refers to mysticism: Mysticism describes experiences beyond the absolute reality.

  • O
    • OLED

      OLED stands for "Organic Light Emitting Diode": a light-emitting diode from thin-film organic semiconducting materials. The organic light emitting diode differs from the LED (inorganic light-emitting diode) in their lower current density and laminar light density.

  • P
    • Permanent Installation

      A long-term installation (no defined end time) is referred to as permanent installation. Projection and LED technology are ideal for effective permanent installations.

    • Panorama

      Panorama refers to a digital representation (image or projection) with a wide viewing angle. By using special techniques it allows the viewer to obtain more content than with conventional technologies. A panoramic image may circumferentially cover up to 360 degrees.

    • Panorama Projection

      A panorama projection contains of the compilation of several projection systems, which significantly enlarge the field of view of the observer. Panoramic projections are produced by compositing partial images / -projections. This is possible through the soft-edge blending function of every single projector. By the dimension of the panoramic projection the viewer feels very much put into the virtual world. The 360 ° panorama projection forms the high-end of visualization options.

    • Project

      A project is understood to be a targeted, mostly one-time undertaking. The division of tasks is determined and there are precise deadlines, as well as a defined start and end point. 

    • Projection on Objects

      A projection on an object provides an easy way to enter the third dimension with projections. Real objects are accurately illuminated so that the projection applies precisely to the surfaces of an object. The content of the projection is a playground for optical illusions: An object can be redefined completely in its nature, it can be deformed, the color and structure can change, it can be deconstructed, etc. Domes, spheres, fog, furniture and vehicles are objects that are appropriate for a projection are, adjacent to buildings. This technique is used effectively for product presentations and in the event sector.

    • Projection

      A projection is referred to the transfer of an image (= projection template) to a projection surface. A typical example is the projection onto a screen using a projector. According to the type of projection template it is distinguished between e.g. episkope, slide, shadow, film, video and laser projection.

    • Projection Experience

      The experience to look at a projection, which often is very emotional, is called projection experience.

    • Projection Content

      Projection content is content to be represented / conveyed by a projection. Custom-made content can be produced for a projection or it can be referred to existing movies / images.

    • Projection Mapping

      Projection mapping describes the process, to illuminate a site with a projection adjusted correspondingly to a arbitrarily textured surface. The projection can be static or dynamic.

    • Projection Show

      A projection show describes projections as a holistic experience, accompanied with LED lighting technology, in synchronization with music, or with its own sound design and multiple audio channels.

    • Projection Technology

      With projection technology images and templates can be displayed in enlarged form on a projection surface. For more information: see Projector

    • Projection Template

      A projection template is an object, which is located in a projector and is displayed therefrom with light on a projection surface.

    • Projector

      A projector is a device with which a master image is projected onto a projection surface using rays of light. A projector includes its own light source, an imaging plane (containing in the original image) and a lens that allows the imaging plane to be sharply displayed on the screen.

  • R
    • Resolution

      The resolution describes the number of dots (pixels) from which an image is composed. The level of resolution has an impact on the level of detail of the image perception, which is perceived as image sharpness by the viewer. Basically, the higher the resolution, the sharper the image.

    • Rendering

      A rendering refers to a static frame, which has been produced in an animation program in consideration of various parameters (such as lighting, reflections, brightness gradients). With renderings a realistic graphical model of a proposed project, an animation or a video sequence can be generated.

  • S
    • Site-specific

      Attribute, which is used in the context of projection. For a site-specific projection features of the architecture of an object are included in the design of the projection content.

    • Simulation
    • Sound Design

      A soundtrack that accompanies an animation acoustically is called sound design. For this purpose, both musical moods and melodies are used as well as sound effects that enhance the displayed content in its expression. The use of spatial sound effects can deepen the immersing of the viewer in the visual world of the animations.

    • Special Lens

      A special lens is a lens designed for a specific application.

    • Spherical

      Attribute that refers to sphere: The area that surrounds something is called sphere, environment or setting.

    • Static Projection Mapping

      A site-specific projection with a still image is called static projection mapping. A static projection mapping is implemented with projectors, which can output still images such as slide projectors and overhead projectors. The custom-made template for the surface structure of the object to be illuminated is contained in the image plane (film, slide). The perfectly adjusted single images are then projected onto the object and create an optical illusion (augmented reality).

  • T
    • Throw Ratio

      The throw ratio is also circumscribed as a projection distance ratio. It allows to calculate a projection distance in accordance to the image size or to calculate an image size in accordance to the projection distance.

  • V
    • Video Content Production

      Production of projection content. See also Projection Content

    • Video Projection Mapping

      Video projection mapping (in short: Video Mapping) is realized with video projectors. It refers to the process, of a site-specific Illumination of structured and three-dimensional surfaces with a video projector. The projection plane of the video projector outputs the file, which contains the customized template for the surface structure.
      Video projection mapping is regarded as an innovative form of media art. The technology of projection mapping is used by both artists as well as by advertisers to make optical illusions on static objects something that can be experienced. A projection mapping often includes an audio output to accompany the effects with sound. When video and audio are included it is then referred to as projection mapping show.

    • Visually

      Synonymous with visual perception: Visual perception describes all actions which affect vision.

    • Visual Illusion

      A visual illusion is an optical illusion and can affect all aspects of vision. The perception of the viewer does not coincide with the objectively measurable reality: objects appear changed in size, color, shape, movement or importance.

    • VJ Performance

      VJ is the abbreviation for visual jockey which means video artist. A VJ extends an audio performance with visual highlights. With the help of 2D and 3D elements he creates a new kind of show staging.

  • W
    • Wow Effect

      The wow effect colloquially describes a state of consciousness of surprise and emotional appeal, resulting from a positive visual impression of the viewer. A sure sign of a realized wow effect are viewers who film with their cellphones.