Two-dimensional (abbreviated as 2D) means " set up or shown in two dimensions".
Three-dimensional (abbreviated as 3D) means "set up or shown in three dimensions." It is a spatial representation of bodies. The viewer gets a good impression of spatial relations.
This projection technology creates three-dimensional effects on a surface and gives the viewer the impression of the projection surface and the projections shown would merge into a new entity.
From an projection surface (facade) a 3D model is created, which reproduces the exact dimensions and structures ( for example positions of windows, tabs, etc.). Taking into account all features and characteristics of the projection surface, video content is produced.
This new technology makes it possible to project graphics, animations, photos not only on smooth screens but also on three-dimensional surfaces. In combination with sound design, a 3D video projection mapping allows the fabulous world of optical illusions to occur, also known as “augmented reality”. In practice, the term 3D projection mapping is usually applied to customized 3d projections on buildings.
3D visualization is the process of computer-based creation of video content, which is used to simulate a lighting project. This leads to a realistic impression of the final result.
A 4D projection mapping describes a 3D projection mapping show, which is complemented by real existing elements such as fireworks, confetti, fire or the like.
An animation is the sum of artificially generated individual images that when show as a sequence form a film
An atmosphere is, inter alia, a mood, a feeling, which is conveyed from the external environment and is not reproducible. Atmosphere denotes an actual state.
See Edge Blending
The color temperature defines a measure that determines the color impression of a light source and is specified quantitatively in Kelvin (K). 2,900K correspond to "warm white". 4000 K correspond to "intermediate / neutral white" and 6000 K correspond to "cool white", which has a partially visible blue proportion.
Cartography or mapping is defined by the mediation and visualization of spatial information for different media with digital and analog technologies.
A custom solution is responding to specific requirements of the customer: A customized solution is found and implemented.
Control technology describes technologies for controlling various technical elements.
The design surface is the area which is covered by the projection.
A dome projection is a 360 ° projection on half- or full-dome in optimum projection quality without image distortion. Locations include spa landscapes, planetariums, theme parks.
If one projector is not efficient to cover the screen size, edge-blending technology is used. This technology allows to project one image onto the surface using a plurality of projectors projecting without an overlap effect. There are projectors which are equipped with edge blending function, alternatively there is special software that allows this effect
The term eye-catcher denotes a visual attraction or head turner. With an Eye-catcher attention can be directed to an object.
A Fog Screen is a technical device that arises a screen of fog. Atomized water escapes in the form of mist from the Fog Screen. The water particles are so microscopic that the Fog Screen can be passed without leaving a feeling of wetness. With the help of a projector the screen will show pictures or video content.
Attribute that refers to futurism: Futurism denotes something groundbreaking in the future.
A highlight marks the climax of a development and refers mostly to a show at an event.
An interplay of shapes and colors = images, which create a new unity of oneness. Theme and space become custom-made imagery and convey a new perspective.
The image quality describes the quality or resolution of an image. The quality, that can be achieved theoretically, is described in pixels. The actual image quality depends on several factors, such as optics, noise performance and refresh rate (regarding moving pictures). The resolution in the technical sense refers to playback and depends on the visual output device.
A projection processes image signals. Here, the image quality is also dependent on luminosity of the projector, throw ratio, positioning and keystone distortion and surrounding light.
For analog projections (e g lightmotiv) a division of the image into pixels is not given. The resolution is theoretically infinite. Also a refresh rate does not come to fruition.
The selected use of light for artistic and decorative purposes is called illumination. While the concept of lighting implies the design with light for purely practical reasons, the term Illumination describes the aesthetic use of light.
Attribute that refers to innovation: A reform or renewal is called innovation and it describes an implementation made for the first time.
A floor, a wall, or even a table becomes an experimental area by an interactive projection. The viewer as an active moving part of the installation interacts with the projection. The projection contents can be individualized.
A symbiosis of different light sources and colors is called interplay of light.
The color temperature or color of light sources is indicated in Kelvin (K). It is a measure for the wavelength of the light, and it features the character of light sources.
Laser Technology is used to detect individual elements of surfaces (e.g. facades) exactly. The laser allows for precise, ambitious, detailed measurement of an object and its structures, which is the basis for a site-specific projection.
Architectural lighting with LED enhances the visual impact of a building, as a discreet light line or as large-scale illumination. This way effective accents can be produced, which are accurately definable and controllable in light color and dynamics. The long service life of LED technology saves energy and maintenance and therefore allows installation in inaccessible places. Positioning in the structure or close to the facade also significantly reduces unwanted light emissions.
An object illumination with flexible and compact LED modules is characterized by a high-precise lighting. Very small installation dimensions allow LED solutions with intelligent lighting control to impressively show all types of objects to best advantage. The areas of application are diverse: Arts and Culture, Hotel and Shops as well as emergency lighting.
LED Wellness illuminations in spa areas convince with its qualities to influence mood and emotions. LED light creates a pleasant atmosphere. The flexibility of LED systems regarding the control of color, intensity and dynamic performance offer a wide range of design options: shades of green to relax, turquoise blue in the pool area evoking cleanliness and freshness, subtle light levels at rest areas, bright "cleaning light", gentle dynamics for vitalization.
LED stands for "Light Emitting Diode" and it describes a semiconductor diode that lights up when power is supplied. LEDs have low power consumption and high efficiency.
The application of LED technology is manifold due to its energy efficiency and durability: indoors and outdoors as well as for temporary installations. The range of use and design possibilities are varied by the large range of colors as well as by small mounting dimensions of the LED modules.
Light art designates an autonomous art form. Contemporary light artists are working mainly with artificial light as the light source. Light art is ex definitione light art if the use of light follows aesthetic purposes. Most of the works of light art will need the substantial absence of natural (day) light and of competing artificial light sources to develop their full effectiveness.
A lighting solution describes a lighting concept for event management or permanent installations. For optimal results it is important to identify light requirements and implement these with lighting technology and lighting management.
Lighting Planning describes the purposeful design with lighting technology. Planning a light situation is affected by the qualities of a room (surfaces, materials) and incident daylight.
The term lighting conditions roughly describes the existing on-site brightness. Daylight conditions mean a great brightness like outdoors at daytime (over 1000 LUX). Mixed lighting conditions usually show ratios like in artificially lit interiors (200-500 LUX). Dark lighting conditions describe lighting levels as at night or in dark rooms (under 200 LUX).
The lightmotiv projector enlarges the liquid content of a shone through petri dish with projection sizes up to 100 meters in diameter. A lightmotiv artist influences the content of the projection mixture by adding effect substances and rotation. The multicoloured images are formed in a constant flow by processes of structural formation which are stimulated by the different substances.
lightmotiv.content: Visual content created with the lightmotiv projector then filmed and are digitally reproduced
lightmotiv.event: Illuminations with patented lightmotiv projectors at events – for interior and exterior applications
lightmotiv.static: lightmotiv projections captured and processed into a decorative feature as LED frame (illuminated picture), canvas print (printed on canvas) and wallpaper.
Lumen (lm) is the unit of luminous flux, and is a measure of the entire visible radiation emitted by a light source in all directions.
Lux (lx) is the unit of illuminance and the corresponding specific emission. One lux corresponds to the luminous flux of one lumen per square meter. Lux is a receiving size and serves as a measure of brightness.
A lens is an optical system, which usually consists of glass lenses. With a lens, an object (in the case of projections, the object is a projection template) is visually displayed. The lens is always located between the projection template and the image.
Attribute that refers to magic: Something tangible, surreal, mysterious or inexplicable is called magic.
A media server is a computer that is optimized for playback of video content in high resolution. Its main parameters are: powerful graphic card and corresponding digital connections for video output.
Motion Graphics refers to the computer-based creation of video content as a synthesis of different media elements ("mixed media art"), such as two-dimensional and three-dimensional animation, video, film, typography, illustration, photography and music.
This content can be used to simulate a lighting project as video to give a glimpse of how the project would look after completion. This process is called 3D visualization.
Also digitally generated content as 3D animations can be shown by projectors which is the basis for 3D video mapping shows.
Multimedia denotes contents and works, which consist of several most digital media. Elements such as animation, audio, video, graphics, photography and text merge into one.
Attribute that refers to mysticism: Mysticism describes experiences beyond the absolute reality.
OLED stands for "Organic Light Emitting Diode": a light-emitting diode from thin-film organic semiconducting materials. The organic light emitting diode differs from the LED (inorganic light-emitting diode) in their lower current density and laminar light density.
Panorama refers to a digital representation (image or projection) with a wide viewing angle. By using special techniques it allows the viewer to obtain more content than with conventional technologies. A panoramic image may circumferentially cover up to 360 degrees.
A panorama projection contains of the compilation of several projection systems, which significantly enlarge the field of view of the observer. Panoramic projections are produced by compositing partial images / -projections. This is possible through the soft-edge blending function of every single projector. By the dimension of the panoramic projection the viewer feels very much put into the virtual world. The 360 ° panorama projection forms the high-end of visualization options.
A projection mapping is a projection on an object, which creates the possibility to work with partial depth. Real objects are illuminated exactly so that the projection applies precisely to the surfaces of an object. The content of the projection is a playground for optical illusions: An object can be redefined completely in its nature, it can be deformed, the color and structure can change, it can be deconstructed, etc. Domes, spheres, fog, furniture and vehicles are objects that are appropriate for a projection are, adjacent to buildings. The technique of projection mapping is used effectively for product presentations and in the event sector.
A project is understood to be a targeted, mostly one-time undertaking. The division of tasks is determined and there are precise deadlines, as well as a defined start and end point.
A projection is referred to the transfer of an image (= projection template) to a projection surface. A typical example is the projection onto a screen using a projector. According to the type of projection template it is distinguished between e.g. episkope, slide, shadow, film, video and laser projection.
The experience to look at a projection, which often is very emotional, is called projection experience.
Projection content is content to be represented / conveyed by a projection. Custom-made content can be produced for a projection or it can be referred to existing movies / images.
With projection technology images and templates can be displayed in enlarged form on a projection surface. For more information: see Projector
A projection template is an object, which is located in a projector and is displayed therefrom with light on a projection surface.
A projector is a device with which a master image is projected onto a projection surface using rays of light. A projector includes its own light source, an imaging plane (containing in the original image) and a lens that allows the imaging plane to be sharply displayed on the screen.
The resolution describes the number of dots (pixels) from which an image is composed. The level of resolution has an impact on the level of detail of the image perception, which is perceived as image sharpness by the viewer. Basically, the higher the resolution, the sharper the image.
A soundtrack that accompanies an animation acoustically is called sound design. For this purpose, both musical moods and melodies are used as well as sound effects that enhance the displayed content in its expression. The use of spatial sound effects can deepen the immersing of the viewer in the visual world of the animations.
A special lens is a lens designed for a specific application.
Attribute that refers to sphere: The area that surrounds something is called sphere, environment or setting.
A site-specific projection with a still image is called static projection mapping. A static projection mapping is implemented with projectors, which can output still images such as slide projectors and overhead projectors. The custom-made template for the surface structure of the object to be illuminated is contained in the image plane (film, slide). The perfectly adjusted single images are then projected onto the object and create an optical illusion (augmented reality).
The throw ratio is also circumscribed as a projection distance ratio. It allows to calculate a projection distance in accordance to the image size or to calculate an image size in accordance to the projection distance.
Production of projection content. See also Projection Content
Video projection mapping (in short: Video Mapping) is realized with video projectors. It refers to the process, of a site-specific Illumination of structured and three-dimensional surfaces with a video projector. The projection plane of the video projector outputs the file, which contains the customized template for the surface structure.
Video projection mapping is regarded as an innovative form of media art. The technology of projection mapping is used by both artists as well as by advertisers to make optical illusions on static objects something that can be experienced. A projection mapping often includes an audio output to accompany the effects with sound. When video and audio are included it is then referred to as projection mapping show.
Synonymous with visual perception: Visual perception describes all actions which affect vision.
A visual illusion is an optical illusion and can affect all aspects of vision. The perception of the viewer does not coincide with the objectively measurable reality: objects appear changed in size, color, shape, movement or importance.
The wow effect colloquially describes a state of consciousness of surprise and emotional appeal, resulting from a positive visual impression of the viewer. A sure sign of a realized wow effect are viewers who film with their cellphones.